Accessibility in the Project Lifecycle

Tips for Graphic Designers

The following tips are intended to assist University of Iowa IT graphic designers in providing accessible design models for documents, web sites, and applications.

Create accessible palettes, contrast colors

Visual accessibility relies on adequate color contrast.  Graphic designers, prototype developers, and others can help ensure accessibility to low-vision and color-blind users by providing accessible, high-contrast color combinations.

Key points

  • Use tools such as the Colour Contrast Analyser to test foreground and background color combinations

How IT Accessibility group can help

  • IT Accessibility group can provide training and orientation on accessible color palettes and design tools.

Consider grids, layout, element placement

The location of interface elements can have a significant effect on a user's ability to effectively operate a page or application.  For example, a keyboard user might want to make and save a change to a page.  If the "Save" button is positioned far from the location where the change is made, the user may have to traverse many tab stops in order to save the change.

Key Points

  • Place related widgets, controls and other elements in close proximity to one another
  • In wireframes, storyboards, or other prototypes, identify and label functional areas of a page or application to prepare for accessible development, such as ARIA labeling

How IT Accessibility group can help

IT Accessibility group can provide consultation to help design teams better understand the impact of design decisions on users.